The Physical Ocean

The ocean comprises 71% of the earth's surface and is an integral part of every aspect of human life. Throughout history, the ocean has connected our world — through exploration and scientific inquiry, immigration and acculturation, trade, and the exploitation of maritime resources. The ocean is essential to human well-being through production of fresh water, food, energy, and medicine. Without a healthy ocean, our survival is at risk.

The following site recommendations provide the best organized,
most comprehensive resources for answers to your ocean and climate questions.


Climate Change Institute
UN World Ocean Assessment
European Atlas of the Seas
The UN Atlas of the Oceans
NOAA Climate Services Portal
Census of Marine Life
WoRMS! (World Register Marine Species)
UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission
US Ocean Policy
EU Ocean Policy
NOAA Ocean Explorer
Google Ocean
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
Encyclopedia of Life
Eye On Earth
International Polar Year
Milstein Hall of Ocean Life
Circle of Blue | Fresh Water News

Climate Change News Service / African Climate Policy

Ocean Health Index
Marine Protected Areas
  MPA Atlas
  NOAA National Marine Protected Area Center
  National Geographic: The Ocean | MPAs
  National MPA Educational Resources
Tides and Tide Charts